Produced when the young Siah Armajani was still living in Iran, Shirt #1 (1958) is covered with hand-inscribed Sufi texts by the fourteenth century Persian poet Hafiz, as well as other folk and spiritual writings. Motivated by his observation of scribes and spell-makers in his home city of Tehran, Armajani invokes the power of spiritual verses by writing them onto the lining of a suit jacket belonging to his father. This jacket lining is detached from the jacket itself, so it is unclear whether the fabric has come from a jacket cut according to local Iranian style or Western style. Regardless of the surface upon which the inscriptions have been copied, however, it is important to note that the writings themselves are not abstracted. Although Armanjani flips and turns lines of text in order to render them onto the assembled fabric, they remain readable, at least to those familiar with Persian script and language. Furthermore, Shirt #1 does not present language or script as aesthetic devices, but offers specific verses and poems that carry an affective resonance. The work is thus both a provocative combination of text and ready-made object and a protective talisman produced from the clothing of a specific wearer ‒ Armajani’s father ‒ to whom the object somehow still seems connected.