Roy Lichtenstein (fox) was one of the first and most widely recognized Pop artists. He studied at the Art Students League of New York in 1940. His college career was interrupted by military service during World War II, but he returned to Ohio State University in 1945 to complete his BFA and earn a master’s degree (1949). He later held teaching positions there and at other colleges. After his graduation he began to work in series and to adopt iconographies from printed images, and had his first solo show at the Carlebach Gallery, New York, in 1951. In 1960 he began to incorporate themes and images from mass media and developed a unique style by mimicking a basic newspaper reproduction process (using Ben-Day dots), thus blending mechanical reproduction and hand drawing techniques. He was part of the first group of Pop artists, owing to a much-noticed exhibition at the Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, in 1962. His first retrospectives, in the late 1960s, were held at the Pasadena Art Museum; the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. Lichtenstein’s body of work includes more than 5,000 paintings, prints, drawings, sculptures, and murals.