Robert Indiana is a pivotal figure in the development of assemblage art, hard-edge painting, and Pop art. He attended Arsenal Technical High School in Indianapolis, a school known for its strong arts curriculum. After graduation in 1946 he joined the U.S. Army Air Corps (later U.S. Air Force) and in 1949 began his studies at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Before graduating in 1954, Indiana spent time in France and Italy and enrolled at the University of Edinburgh, where he wrote poems that he illustrated, typeset, and printed at Edinburgh College of Art. Later that year he moved to New York. In 1956 he met Ellsworth Kelly (1923–2015) who helped him establish a studio in an abandoned warehouse at 31 Coenties Slip. From 1960 onward Indiana produced wall-hung assemblages and freestanding sculptures that he called “herms.” By 1961 he had begun his series focused on the illusory American dream—the first of these paintings, The American Dream I, was acquired by the Museum of Modern Art. In 1962 he had his first New York solo exhibition at the Stable Gallery. He probably is most famous for incorporating stenciled lettering in his work. Among his most famous works is LOVE (1966).