German-born architect, artist, and writer Mathias Goeritz studied drawing at the Kunstgewerbe- und Handwerkerschule (Arts and Crafts and Artisan School) Berlin-Charlottenberg while studying philosophy and art history at the Friedrich-Wilhelms University in Berlin (PhD, 1940). During World War II he migrated to Spanish Morocco, where he lived and taught from 1941 to 1944. After the war, Goeritz settled in Spain, where he began to paint. In 1948 co-founded the free-minded artists association, Escuela de Altamira (Altamira School). The following year he moved to Mexico, where Ignacio Díaz Morales invited him to teach at the Escuela de Arquitectura of the Universidad de Guadalajara (University of Guadalajara; until 1954). In 1953, in his seminal architectural project Museo Experimental El Eco (Eco Experimental Museum), Goeritz presented his Manifiesto de la Arquitectura Emocional (Emotional Architecture Manifesto) and La serpiente de El Eco (The Serpent of El Eco, 1953), one of his first large-scale sculptures. After moving to Mexico City in 1954 he concentrated on public abstract sculptures, which he often executed with other artists and architects, such as Luis Ramiro Barragán Morfín Torres de Satélite (Towers of Satélite, 1957). In the late 1950s Goeritz initiated his “Mensajes dorado” (Golden Messages) series of spiritually motivated monochromatic, abstract images, in gold leaf on wood. From 1961 onward Goeritz returned to his former large-scale, collaborative practice and also worked in Jerusalem.