Jeram Patel was among several artists who transformed Indian art in the late 1950s and ’60s by developing a new visual identity and method of abstraction. Patel first studied drawing and painting at the Sir J. J. School of Art in Mumbai (1950–55), then commercial design at the Central School of Arts and Craft, London (1957–59). A trip to Japan in the late 1950s inspired him to explore new media and techniques. Back in India he co-founded the short-lived but seminal Group 1890 in 1962, and took part in their sole exhibition at the Lalit Kala Akademi Gallery in New Delhi. During the 1960s he pioneered a new medium, burning wood with a blowtorch and engraving amorphous shapes on it, often against a monochrome background of bold colors. His other innovative styles included abstraction—using saturated, almost floating shapes of black ink on paper—or his distinctive and textured use of paint, especially bold strokes of black. His delicate and evocative “Hospital” series (1966) is probably his best known. Patel received several national awards and was a professor (and later dean) at the Faculty of Fine Arts of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.