Pablo Picasso

  • Born 1881 in Málaga, Spain
  • Died 1973 in Mougins, France

Pablo Picasso, considered one of the most important artists of his time, worked in many different styles, from figuration and Neoclassicism to Surrealism and abstraction. Together with his fellow artist Georges Braque (1882–1963), Picasso is credited with developing Cubism. Picasso first studied art with his father, then enrolled in the Llotja School in Barcelona in 1895, and later studied briefly at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando), Madrid. After his return to Barcelona in 1899 he often traveled to Paris, settling there in 1904. In Paris his style and choice of subject changed: he abandoned his so-called Blue Period (1901–04) and drew inspiration from the circus during his Rose Period (1905). From 1907 to 1909, inspired by the works of Paul Cézanne (1839–1906) and African masks, Picasso painted Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), which presaged his next two stylistic periods, Analytic Cubism (c. 1908–11) and Synthetic Cubism (c. 1912–14). In 1916 Picasso began to collaborate on ballet and theater productions. In 1936, deeply affected by the Spanish Civil War, he painted his powerful Guernica (1937). During his long career Picasso mastered a broad spectrum of mediums, including painting, drawing, sculpture, collage, lithography, and engraving.

Artworks by Pablo Picasso in the exhibition