Lee Krasner, a noted Abstract Expressionist painter, is among the few female artists to have received a retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1984). She first studied at the Women's Art School of The Cooper Union, and then the National Academy of Design (1928–32). Beginning in 1934, during the Great Depression, she worked for the Works Progress Administration’s Federal Art Project and later entered Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts in 1937. While her early paintings reflected European modernism, Krasner soon became involved with the American Abstract Expressionists. In 1942 she participated in the exhibition American and French Painting at McMillen Inc. in New York. She met fellow artist Jackson Pollock (1912–1956) there, and they married in 1945. The two proved to be highly influential for one another’s art. Her “Little Images” series (1946–50), in a controlled dripping technique, resulted in thirty-one small-scale abstractions reminiscent of calligraphy and hieroglyphics. For her collages in the 1950s, Krasner “recycled” earlier works, but after Pollock’s death in 1956 she began to create large-scale abstractions using broad brushstrokes that required intensive physical gestures. She had her first solo show in 1955 and had a retrospective at the Whitechapel Gallery, London, in 1965.