Bruce Conner studied art at Wichita University and the University of Nebraska, receiving a B.F.A. in 1956. He also attended the Brooklyn Museum Art School and the University of Colorado on a scholarship. From 1957 onwards he lived and worked in San Francisco, where he quickly became affiliated with the countercultural Beat Generation. Conner is known for his use of found-object assemblage in collage, sculpture, painting, photography, printmaking, performance and film. A pioneer of American experimental cinema and rhythmic editing, Conner weaved together decontextualized fragments of found footage and cinematic marginalia, such as newsreels, B-movies, stock footage, educational and industrial films. A Movie (1958) was his breakthrough work in this genre. He was also noted for his innovative structural employment of music (Cosmic Ray, 1961) and his critical approach to mainstream media and various themes of postwar American society, like the assassination of John F. Kennedy (Report, 1967) or the threat of nuclear war (Crossroads, 1976). The renowned Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles gave Conner a solo show in 1962. Conner was also included in the 1967 exhibition Funk Art, featuring figurative work from the Bay Area, at the University Art Museum in Berkeley, California.